Variation of saturation effect in the ionospheric F2 critical frequency at low latitude

Ikubanni, S.O. and Adeniyi, J.O. (2013) Variation of saturation effect in the ionospheric F2 critical frequency at low latitude. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 100-10. pp. 24-33. ISSN 13646826

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jastp.2013.03.012

Abstract

Saturation in the dependence of foF2 on solar flux is a phenomenon more pronounced in the equatorial ionization anomaly region. The phenomenon was observed in the relationship between the F2 critical frequency (foF2) and any solar indices. Using a two-segmented regression fit on data from an African low latitude station (Geographical Latitude 12.4oN; Geomagnetic Latitude 3.5oN), saturation features from the dependence of foF2 on solar radio flux (F10.7) was studied. Diurnal and seasonal variation were studied for the first time in this low latitude region of the African sector. Significant variations were observed, especially in the solstices. It was observed that saturation effect is closely related to the hourly F2 critical frequency and these results were compared with those from Asian, Australian and the American sectors. The diurnal and seasonal variations find their explanations in the photo-ionization process, the fountain effect, and the pre-reversal enhancement while the seasonal variation was attributed to both the ion drift and thermospheric circulation. Future work with larger volume of data is expected to validate the observations from this study.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Depositing User: Dr S. O. Ikubanni
Date Deposited: 18 Jun 2014 06:29
Last Modified: 18 Jun 2014 06:29
URI: http://eprints.lmu.edu.ng/id/eprint/99

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