Soil properties and yam yield under different tillage systems in a tropical Alfisol

Agbede, T.M and Adekiya, A.O (2013) Soil properties and yam yield under different tillage systems in a tropical Alfisol. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science, 59 (4). pp. 505-519.

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In Nigeria, information is lacking regarding the most suitable tillage method in extensive yam production. Hence, five tillage methods were compared at two sites in 2008–2010 with reference to their effects on soil physical and chemical properties, leaf nutrient concentrations, growth and tuber yield of yam (Dioscorea rotundata Poir) on Alfisols at Owo (site A) and Akure (site B), south-west Nigeria. The tillage methods were: zero tillage (ZT), manual ridging (MR), manual mounding (MM), ploughing þ harrowing (P þ H) and ploughing þ harrowing þ ridging (P þ H þ R). P þ H þ R had lower soil bulk density than other tillage methods and resulted in higher leaf N, P, K, Ca and Mg and yam tuber yield. In ZT, bulk density, soil moisture content, soil organic C, N, P, K, Ca and Mg were significantly higher and temperature lower than other tillage methods. Results of multiple regressions revealed that bulk density significantly influenced the yield of yam rather than soil chemical properties. Compared with MR, MM, P þ H and ZT, and averaged across years, P þ H þ R increased yam tuber yield by 12.3, 12.8, 34.9 and 50.7%, respectively, in site A and 12.9, 13.5, 25.2 and 44.5%, respectively, in site B. P þ H þ R was found to be most advantageous and is therefore recommended for yam cultivation

Item Type: Article
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Depositing User: Dr Aruna Adekiya
Date Deposited: 13 Jul 2017 13:01
Last Modified: 13 Jul 2017 13:01

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