Control of Nematode Disease of Eggplant (Solanum aethiopicum L.) Using Manure

ABOLUSORO, Stephen Adekunle and ABE, Mary Oluwakemi and ABOLUSORO, Patricia Fehintola and IZUOGU, Nkechi Betsy (2013) Control of Nematode Disease of Eggplant (Solanum aethiopicum L.) Using Manure. Agriculturae Conspectus Scientifi cus ., 78 (4). pp. 1-4.

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Abstract

Pot experiment was conducted in the year 2010 and repeated in 2011 to examine the eff ects of organic manure (poultry, cow dung, domestic waste) and inorganic manure (NPK 15:15:15) on the yield, soil and root population of Meloidogyne incognita that infected Ethiopian eggplant Solanum aethiopicum in a greenhouse at Kabba College of Agriculture, Ahmadu Bello University, Kabba, Nigeria. Each of the organic manure was applied as soil amendment at the rate of 5 t/ha and the inorganic fertilizer (NPK) was applied at the rate of 200 kg/ha while there was an untreated control that acted as standard check. Th e experimental design was a completely randomized design comprising of fi ve treatments including control and each of the treatments was replicated four times. Th e results of the experiment showed that all the organic manures considered and NPK fertilizer were eff ective in suppressing nematode negative eff ects on the plant as manifested in improved yield, reduced soil and root population as well as in reduced gall index of the organic and inorganic manure treated plants compared with the control. Th e mean fruit yield of the manure treated plant was 18+1, of NPK fertilizer treated ones was 17, while the average fruit number in untreated control was 6.5. Th e organic and inorganic manures treated plants had bigger fruit size compared with control and were signifi cantly diff erent from the control. Th e soil and root population as well as root gall index were reduced in all the manure treatments compared with the control and they were signifi cantly diff erent from the control. Th e results of this experiment confi rmed that organic manure can be utilized to manage root-knot nematode (M. incognita) in soil.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: S Agriculture > SB Plant culture
Depositing User: STEPHEN ABOLUSORO
Date Deposited: 13 Jul 2017 13:14
Last Modified: 13 Jul 2017 13:14
URI: http://eprints.lmu.edu.ng/id/eprint/813

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