Experimental Investigation of Sand Box Biodiesel Performance in an Internal Combustion Engine

Adepoju, Tunde F and Okunola, Abiodun Afolabi and Dahunsi, Samuel O (2013) Experimental Investigation of Sand Box Biodiesel Performance in an Internal Combustion Engine. International journal of Engineering Research and technology, 2 (11). pp. 3835-3855. ISSN 2278-0181

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Abstract

A four stroke single cylinder air cooled direct internal combustion engine was used to investigate engine performance; CO, NOx, smoke opacity, flue gas temperature and brake specific fuel consumption with the Sand box Biodiesel blends Biodiesel. Biodiesel was produced from Sand boxoil by two steps (acidic and basic).The experiment was carried out in triplicate to determine the production conditions with optimum yield. The produced Biodiesel had fuel properties which satisfied both ASTME D6751 and EN 1424 standards. The fatty acid profile of the Biodiesel revealed the dominant fatty acids were linoleic (64.50%), oleic (17.54%) andpalmitic (12.70%). Exhaust emissions from an internal combustion (I.C.) engine revealed that the CO and NOx emissions reduction were 60% and 58% at B20 respectively. Meanwhile, the HC emission reduction was found to be 60% at B20, Smoke opacity emission reduction was found to 64% at B20, BSFC was found to be 42% emission reduction at B20. However, the flue gas temperature and BTE increased by 12% and 45%, respectively. Hence, Sand box Biodiesel is an environmentally friendly engine fuel. Keywords:Sand box, Biodiesel, Fatty acids, Intenal combustion engine, Exhaust emissions.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Civil Engineering and the Environment
Depositing User: DR ABIODUN OKUNOLA
Date Deposited: 12 Jul 2017 16:34
Last Modified: 12 Jul 2017 16:34
URI: http://eprints.lmu.edu.ng/id/eprint/724

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