Assessment of Vulnerability of Oxisols to Compaction in the Cerrado Region of Brazil

Ajayi, Ayodele. E. and DIAS JUNIOR, M. S. and CURI, N and Okunola, Abiodun A. and TEIXEIRA SOUZA, T. T. and SILVA PIRES, B (2010) Assessment of Vulnerability of Oxisols to Compaction in the Cerrado Region of Brazil. Pedosphere, 20 (2). pp. 252-260. ISSN 1002-0160/CN 32-1315/P

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The Cerrado region of Brazil, one of the fastest-growing agricultural areas in the world, is undergoing very rapid mechanization; this development is good for the country’s economy but may also snowball into substantial loss of agricultural land and other environmental degradation if the soil susceptibility and vulnerability to compaction is not well understood. In this study we explored different techniques for estimating soil intrinsic abilities to withstand applied pressure using the prevalent Oxisols of the Cerrado region under native vegetation. Undisturbed samples were collected from three sites within the region and subjected to 1) compressibility test; 2) manual penetration resistance test; 3) automated penetration resistance test; and 4) packing density analysis. The four methods produced analogous results. Our results showed the significant influence of soil structure on the inherent strength and compaction susceptibility of the soils. We also established the association of soil structure with the mineralogy of the soil. It is noteworthy that the packing density which was developed from very simple and easily obtained parameters could give a picture of the tendency of the soil to compact. Thus, this approach would be useful in developing compaction susceptibility maps for the region. It could be concluded that most of the Oxisols in the Cerrado region would support mechanized agricultural production very successfully. However, there is need for careful management of the mechanization process to avert degradation. The management techniques should include conservationist practices such as no till in order to maintain as much as possible the favorable structure and drainage of these very old soils.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Q Science > QE Geology
S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Civil Engineering and the Environment
Date Deposited: 17 Jan 2024 11:30
Last Modified: 17 Jan 2024 11:30

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