COMPARATIVE STUDY OF HOUSEHOLD WATER TREATMENT COMMUNITY IN KWARA STATE NIGERIA

Sojobi, A. O. and Owamah, H. I. and Dahunsi, S. O. (2014) COMPARATIVE STUDY OF HOUSEHOLD WATER TREATMENT COMMUNITY IN KWARA STATE NIGERIA. Nigerian Journal of Technology, 33 (1). pp. 134-140. ISSN 1115-8443

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Comparative study of household water treatment in a rural community in Kwara State Nigeria.pdf

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/njt.v33i1.18

Abstract

This research presents the household treatment of drinking water samples in a rural community in Nigeria by boiling and water guard. The physicochemical parameters of the raw water samples with exception of chloride, BOD, and dissolved oxygen were within the permissible limits of the World Health Organization (WHO) and Standard Organization of Nigeria (SON). The mean BOD value of the public tap water samples (5.3 mgL-1) was lower than that of the borehole water samples 9.1 mg/L-1). The major anions determined were within permissible limits. With exception of Zinc (Zn) and Iron (Fe), the other metals investigated were either not detected or had their concentrations below maximum permissible limits. There was no significant difference (p < 0.005) in the concentration of the metals from public tap as compared to the borehole water samples. The concentrations of Zn for both public tap and boreholes were 8.3 mg/L-1. After treatment by boiling and water guard, it was observed that the coliform count was reduced to zero with boiling but remained as i cfu 100 mg/L-1 with water guard. Bacillus ad Mucor species isolated from the water samples of public taps were removed by boiling and water guard treatments.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: anions; bacillus specie; boiling; borehole; cations; coliform bacteria; drinking water; household water treatment; metals; Mucor species; permissible limits; public tap; raw water; rural community; Standard Organization of Nigeria; water guard; water treatment; World Health Organization water quality;
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Q Science > QD Chemistry
Q Science > QR Microbiology
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
R Medicine > RB Pathology
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Civil Engineering and the Environment
Depositing User: Engr Adebayo O. Sojobi
Date Deposited: 07 Sep 2016 10:18
Last Modified: 07 Sep 2016 10:18
URI: http://eprints.lmu.edu.ng/id/eprint/516

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