Removal of Pb2+ and Cr6+ ions from aqueous solution by earthworm cast soil

Adediran, G.O and Adediji, J.F and Adebayo, M.A and Dada, A.O (2009) Removal of Pb2+ and Cr6+ ions from aqueous solution by earthworm cast soil. Removal of Pb2+ and Cr6+ ions from aqueous solution by earthworm cast soil, 4 (11). pp. 691-697. ISSN ISSN 1992 - 1950

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Abstract

The problem of removing pollutants from aqueous wastewater is growing with the increase in water pollution owing to enhanced industrial activities. Three earthworm cast soil types were studied. Modified and unmodified types were prepared and used for removal of lead and Chromium ions. At about 298 K, the earthworm cast soil types, modified and unmodified removed lead and Chromium ions from aqueous solution. Both equilibrium and dynamic sorption experiments showed that physically and chemically modified earthworm cast soils removed lead and chromium ions better than the unmodified form. The equilibrium data fitted well into Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms. The unmodified earthworm cast soil with a dynamic equilibrium constant, Kc of 266 performed better in lead(ii) ion removal than chromium(vi) ion with a dynamic equilibrium constant of 4 at 298 K. �G°, the standard free energy change of adsorption of Pb2+ and Cr6+ onto unmodified earthworm cast soil is negative which implied spontaneity and feasibility of adsorption process. The cheapness and the local availability of this soil type give it an added advantage for effluent treatment in heavy metals removal in the environment.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Chemistry
Depositing User: Dr Adewumi Oluwasogo DADA
Date Deposited: 13 Jun 2014 13:01
Last Modified: 13 Jun 2014 13:01
URI: http://eprints.lmu.edu.ng/id/eprint/5

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