Microscale scavenging of pentachlorophenol in water using amine and tripolyphosphate-grafted SBA-15 silica: Batch and modeling studies

Diagboya, P.N. and Olu-Owolabi, B.I. and Adebowale, K.O. (2014) Microscale scavenging of pentachlorophenol in water using amine and tripolyphosphate-grafted SBA-15 silica: Batch and modeling studies. Journal of Environmental Management, 146. pp. 42-49.

[img] Text
2014_JEMA_Microscale scavenging of penta chlorophenol in water using amine.PDF - Published Version

Download (1MB)
Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S...

Abstract

Mesoporous silica SBA-15 meets most criteria for selection of water treatment adsorbents such as high specific surface area, large pore-size, chemical inertness, repertory of surface functional groups, good thermal stability, selectivity, regenerability, and low cost of manufacture. However, its use for water treatment is still largely unexplored. SBA-15 and its functionalized derivatives of aminopropyltriethoxysilane (SA) and tripolyphosphate (ST) were synthesized, characterized, and used to investigate pentachlorophenol (PCP) removal from aqueous solutions. Functionalization improved SBA-15 capacity for PCP removal from solution in accordance with the trend SBA-15 < ST < SA. Sorption rate experiments data fit the Lagergren pseudo-second order kinetics model. Intra-particle diffusion indicated that the sorption is controlled by two mechanisms: intra-particle and equilibrium diffusion. Adsorptive pore-filling and electrostatic interactions were implicated in the removal of PCP from solution. Electrostatic interaction led to ≥75% increase in sorption upon functionalization. The equilibrium sorption data of the PCP on these mesoporous materials fits the Freundlich isotherm. Desorption hysteresis was low for the pristine SBA-15, but the functionalized SBA-15 materials showed higher hysteresis. The results imply that functionalized SBA-15 sorbents are promising materials for microscale scavenging of PCP in solution.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Chemistry
Depositing User: Dr. Paul Diagboya
Date Deposited: 13 Jul 2016 14:17
Last Modified: 13 Jul 2016 14:17
URI: http://eprints.lmu.edu.ng/id/eprint/448

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item