A novel zerovalent manganese for removal of copper ions: synthesis, characterization and adsorption studies

Dada, Adewumi Oluwasogo (2015) A novel zerovalent manganese for removal of copper ions: synthesis, characterization and adsorption studies. Applied Water Science (Springer). pp. 1-19. ISSN 2190-5487

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Abstract

Synthesis of nanoscale zerovalent manganese (nZVMn) by chemical reduction was carried out in a single pot system under inert environment. nZVMn was characterized using a combination of analytical techniques: Ultraviolet–Visible Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy, Scanning Electron Microscopy, Transmission Electron Microscopy, Energy Dispersive X-ray, BET surface area and Point of Zero Charge. The adsorption physicochemical factors: pH, contact time, adsorbent dose, agitation speed, initial copper ion concentration and temperature were optimized. The kinetic data fitted better to Pseudo second-order, Elovich, fractional power and intraparticle diffusion models and their validity was tested by three statistical models: sum of square error, Chi-square (v2) and normalized standard deviation (Dq). Seven of the two-parameter isotherm models [Freundlich, Langmuir, Temkin, Dubinin–Kaganer–Raduskevich (DKR), Halsey, Harkin–Jura and Flory–Huggins] were used to analyse the equilibrium adsorption data. The Langmuir monolayer adsorption capacity (Qmax = 181.818 mg/g) obtained is greater than other those of nano-adsorbents utilized in adsorption of copper ions. The equilibrium adsorption data were better described by Langmuir, Freundlich, Temkin, DKR and Halsey isotherm models considering their coefficient of regression (R2[0.90). The values of the thermodynamic parameters: standard enthalpy change DH_ (?50.27848 kJ mol-1), standard entropy change DS_ (203.5724 J mol-1 K-1) and the Gibbs free energy change DG_ revealed that the adsorption process was feasible, spontaneous, and endothermic in nature. The performance of this novel nanoscale zerovalent manganese (nZVMn) suggested that it has a great potential for effective removal of copper ions from aqueous solution.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Chemistry
Depositing User: Dr Adewumi Oluwasogo DADA
Date Deposited: 29 Feb 2016 13:30
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2016 13:30
URI: http://eprints.lmu.edu.ng/id/eprint/432

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