Helicobacter pylori mutants defective in the clpP ATP-dependant protease and the chaperone clpA display reduced macrophage and murine survival

Loughlin, `MF and Okolie, CE (2009) Helicobacter pylori mutants defective in the clpP ATP-dependant protease and the chaperone clpA display reduced macrophage and murine survival. Microbial Pathogenesis, 46 (1). pp. 53-57.

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Abstract

The ATP-dependent caseinolytic proteases (Clp) are important in resistance against environmental stresses, antibiotic treatments and host immune defences for a number of pathogenic bacteria. ClpP is the proteolytic subunit, whilst ClpA acts both as a chaperone and as an ATPase driving the degradation of damaged or mis-made proteins. The gastric pathogen Helicobacter pylori infects approximately half of the world's population and can cause gastric or duodenal ulcers, gastric malignancies and mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphomas. The conditions of its in vivo environment expose the organism to host immune cells and upon treatment, antibiotics, conditions likely to cause protein damage. We generated isogenic nonpolar mutants in strain SS1 of clpP and clpA and double mutants with both genes inactivated. Such mutants showed increased sensitivity to antibacterials causing protein damage and/or oxidative stress, in addition to a reduced survival in human macrophages. In the mouse infection model the double mutant SS1 clpAP lacked all ability to colonize the murine host. This suggests that the ability to recover from protein damage is of key importance in the pathogenesis of this organism.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QR Microbiology
Q Science > QR Microbiology > QR180 Immunology
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
R Medicine > RB Pathology
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Biological Sciences
Depositing User: CHARLES OKOLIE
Date Deposited: 29 Feb 2016 12:55
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2016 12:55
URI: http://eprints.lmu.edu.ng/id/eprint/416

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