Valorization of Pennisetum purpureum (Elephant grass) and piggery manure for energy generation

Ojediran, J. O. and Dahunsi, S. O. and Aderibigbe, V and Abolusoro, S. A. and Adesulu-Dahunsi, A.T. and Odekanle, E. L and Odejobi, O.J. and IBIKUNLE, R.A. and Ogunwole, J.O Valorization of Pennisetum purpureum (Elephant grass) and piggery manure for energy generation. ELSEVIER.

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This study investigated the biogas production potential of Pennisetum purpureum (Elephant grass) (El-g) codigested with piggery manure (PM) under mesophilic condition in order to combat the menace of weed in cropping systems as well as pollution problems emanating from disposal of PM. Prior to anaerobic digestion (AD), El-g was subjected to a combination of mechanical, thermal and alkaline pretreatments. Using cattle rumen content as inoculum, the pretreated El-g was anaerobically co-digested with PM while the raw El-g was also codigested with PM and served as control experiment. The physicochemical characteristics of feedstock were evaluated before and after the digestion period using standard methods. The initial high concentrations of chemical oxygen demand (COD) reduced significantly after digestion indicating efficiency of the digestion process. Also, there were reductions in concentrations of calcium and other parameter needed for microbial growth after the digestion which indicated their utilization by microbes to generate biogas. Biogas production began on the 5th and 7th days and was progressive until 30th and 24th days in both digestions after which a decline was observed until the end of the experiment. For the digestion period of 37 days, the total biogas recorded from the pretreated and untreated experiments were 409.5 and 184.1 m3 CH4/kg VS with average of 11.07 and 4.98 m3 CH4/kg VS/day respectively. The study concluded that co-digestion with piggery dung enhanced the biogas producing capacity of El-g hence advocated.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Engineering Sciences
Date Deposited: 12 Jan 2024 07:50
Last Modified: 12 Jan 2024 07:50

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