Principal component analysis of groundwater sources pollution in Omu‑Aran Community, Nigeria

Elemile, Olugbenga O. and Ibitogbe, E. M. and Folorunso, O.P and Ejigboye, P.O and Adewumi, J.R. Principal component analysis of groundwater sources pollution in Omu‑Aran Community, Nigeria. Environmental Earth Sciences.

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Most developing countries rely on water sources that are usually not protected making them unsafe for drinking. It is impera�tive to ensure regular assessment and proper monitoring to evaluate their quality and ensure they meet standards before use. This study was aimed at identifying pollution sources of groundwater in the study area of Omu-Aran and assessing the wáter quality under varying temporal conditions. Ninety-six groundwater samples were collected from eight locations during the dry and wet seasons of 2019–2020. These samples were examined for water quality parameters (n=10) using standard methods. The study adopted the use of principal component analysis (PCA), water quality index (WQI) and independent sample t test to analyze water pollution sources, fully assess water quality and examine temporal variations in the sampling stations respectively. The mean values for measured parameters all fall within the Nigerian Standard Drinking Water Quality guideline values with the exception of pH, nitrite, dissolved oxygen and T. coliform. This pollution was attributed to sewage pollution arising from anthropogenic sources. Water quality decreased during rainy season as compared to the dry season with signifcant diferences (P<0.05) between these periods except for pH, total hardness and fuoride. WQI ranged from 28.17 to 108.15 which lies on the “good” to “unsuitable for drinking” spectrum. Three latent factors were extracted for both the wet and dry seasons from measured parameters by means of PCA. They explain natural pollution and soil erosion phenomenom due to seasonal changes while organic matter oxidation and mineral dissolution are also identifed as factors that afect the water quality in the study area. In conclusion, the study has been able to integrate the use of PCA and WQI to analyse recorded data for pollution source identifcation and water quality interpretation in the study area. Regular assessment and proper monitoring to evaluate the quality of these sources should be done in order to ensure they meet standards before use. Users should be encouraged to carry out disinfection and ensure their water sources are protected and not left exposed.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Civil Engineering and the Environment
Depositing User: Dr Olugbenga Elemile
Date Deposited: 10 Oct 2022 09:41
Last Modified: 10 Oct 2022 09:41

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