Equatorial F-region irregularities at different seasons in Africa

Adebiyi, S.J. and Ikubanni, S.O. and Bolaji, O.S. and Fashae, J. B. and Adebesin, B.O. and Joshua, B.W. and Olabode, A.O. and Adekoya, B. J. (2021) Equatorial F-region irregularities at different seasons in Africa. Advances in Space Research.

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Trans-ionospheric signals such as the Global Positioning System (GPS) signals propagating through irregular ionospheric plasma structures may experience phase variation and amplitude fades causing degradation in system performance. This paper investigates the latitudinal structure of equatorial F-region irregularities (EFI) in the African region at different seasons using a GPS-based proxy index (rate of change of TEC index (ROTI)). The results obtained indicate the dependence of EFI on local time, season and latitude. Its occurrence time ranges between 19:00 and 0:00LT depending on the season. Its appearance is earlier in equinoxes, particularly in March equinox, and late in June solstice. Further, its occurrence lies generally within �22� magnetic latitudes for all seasons. The probability of occurrence, which is observed to be generally higher in equinoxes than solstices, is almost comparable across the entire latitudes where it was observed in equinoxes while the observations in solstices indicate a dip around the magnetic equator. Furthermore, the average seasonal value of ROTI indicates a clear latitudinal dependence; with appearance within �(0�-12�) magnetic latitude in solstices while it extends up to 18� in equinoxes, particularly in the south. While the hemispheric asymmetry in the average seasonal values is favored by the hemispheric asymmetry of latitudinal TEC profile, the TEC gradient could help delineate the latitude of its peak occurrence. In addition, severe irregularities are mostly observed in equinoxes than in solstices across all latitudes of occurrence and are most pronounced around the crest region mainly in the south. Conversely, moderate irregularities are typically observed in solstices and are most frequent around the magnetic equator and the poleward edge of equatorial ionization anomaly (EIA) region in the northern hemisphere.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Physics
Depositing User: Dr S. O. Ikubanni
Date Deposited: 09 Jul 2021 09:10
Last Modified: 09 Jul 2021 09:10
URI: https://eprints.lmu.edu.ng/id/eprint/3345

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