Rhodamine B dye sequestration using Gmelina aborea leaf powder

Bello, Olugbenga Solomon and Alabi, Esther Oluwadamilola and Adegoke, Kayode Adesina and Adegboyega, Samuel Adewale and Inyinbor, Adejumoke Abosede and Dada, Adewumi Oluwasogo (2020) Rhodamine B dye sequestration using Gmelina aborea leaf powder. Heliyon, 6 (1). e02872. ISSN 24058440

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2019.e02872


Chemically prepared activated carbon derived from Gmelina aborea leaves (GALAC) were used as adsorbent for the removal of Rhodamine B (Rh–B) dye from aqueous solutions. The adsorptive characteristics of activated carbon (AC) prepared from Gmelina aborea leaves (GAL) were studied using SEM, FTIR, pH point of zero charge (pHpzc) and Boehm Titration (BT) techniques respectively. The effects of pH, contact time, initial dye concentration and solution temperature were also examined. Experimental data were analyzed using four different isotherm models: Langmuir, Freundlich, Temkin and Dubinin-Radushkevich. Four adsorption kinetic models: Pseudo-first-order (PFO), Pseudo-second-order (PSO), Elovich and Intraparticle diffusion models to establish the kinetics of adsorption process. The RhB dye adsorption on GALAC was best described by Langmuir isotherm model with maximum monolayer coverage of 1000 mg g−1 and R2 value of 0. 9999. The EDX analysis revealed that GALAC contained 82.81% by weight and 91.2% by atom of carbon contents which are requisites for high adsorption capacity. Adsorption kinetic data best fitted the PSO kinetic model. Thermodynamic parameters obtained for GALAC are (ΔGo ranged from -22.71 to -18.19 kJmol-1; ΔHo: 1.51 kJmol-1; and ΔSo: 0.39 kJmol-1 K−1respectively) indicating that the RhB dye removal from aqueous solutions by GALAC was spontaneous and endothermic in nature. The cost analysis established that GALAC is approximately eleven times cheaper than CAC thereby providing a saving of 351.41USD/kg. Chemically treated GAL was found to be an effective absorbent for the removal of RhB dye from aqueous solution.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Depositing User: Dr Adewumi Oluwasogo DADA
Date Deposited: 08 Jul 2021 15:31
Last Modified: 08 Jul 2021 15:31
URI: https://eprints.lmu.edu.ng/id/eprint/3253

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