Thermal Analysis of Solar Box Cooker in Omu-Aran Metropolis

Onokwai, A. O and Okonkwo, Ugochukwu C. and Osueke, C.O. and Olayanju, T.M.A. and Ezugwu, C. A and Diarah, R. S. and Banjo, S. O. and Onokpite, E. and Olabamiji, T.S. and Ibiwoye, M. and James, J. A. and Nnodim, T. C. (2019) Thermal Analysis of Solar Box Cooker in Omu-Aran Metropolis. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1378.

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Just like other solar cookers, the solar box cooker needs energy gotten from the sun to operate without producing emissions. In this research, a solar box is fabricated to reduce over-dependence on fossil fuel for energy generation. This reduces the environmental degradation caused by the use of other sources of energy. The ASHRAE empirical model was used to obtain the solar irradiance present in Omu-Aran metropolis. Thereafter, the no-load and load test was conducted to determine the cooker’s thermal performance. The tests were conducted between January 2018 and January 2019 in Landmark University, Omu-Aran, Kwara State, Nigeria with geographical coordinates 8° 8' 0" North, 5° 6' 0" East. The average energy and exergy efficiency of the cooker were 32oC and 28oC respectively. A decrease in the efficiency of the cooker was observed. This was because the reflector, which is made from aluminium foil, was degrading. As a result of this degradation caused the sun rays (radiation) to be reflected poorly into the absorber and also caused a myth of overcast sky. Meanwhile, the variation in solar radiation during the sensible heating test resulted in the fluctuation inefficiency. The ratio of water to absorber temperature which was above 0.80 during the pre-boiling heating process indicates that the cooker can be recommended for sterilization.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Date Deposited: 13 Jan 2020 09:28
Last Modified: 13 Jan 2020 09:28

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