Potential Hazards Due To Misuse Of Aluminium Phosphide In Kaduna State, Nigeria

Adejumo, I. O. and Ologhobo, A.D and Alabi, O.O. and Bamiro, O. M. (2014) Potential Hazards Due To Misuse Of Aluminium Phosphide In Kaduna State, Nigeria. Nova Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 2 (2). pp. 1-8.

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Maize is a staple food in most African countries. One major factor mitigating against food production in Nigeria is pest infestation. Post-harvest losses pose critical constraint on food security. Insect pests are one of the major organisms that are responsible for reduction in quality, germination potential and quantity of maize grains/seeds in storage. The study was conducted in Kaduna State of Nigeria. Four local government areas (Giwa, Igabi, Kudan and Kaura) were selected at random from the state and from the each local government areas, two villages were selected at random. Fifty respondents were chosen at random from the two villages to make a total of 200 respondents in all. Information on the most commonly used maize preservative chemicals were obtained through structured questionnaires. The result of the survey indicated that the mean age ranged between 36-52%, modal age (42-60%), respondents with no formal education (8-44%), those with primary school education, quaranic education, secondary school and tertiary education ranged between 22-50%, 0-17%, 0-30%, and 20-25% respectively. Majority of the respondents are male (78-90%). The most commonly used maize storage pesticide was aluminium phosphide. Misuse of aluminium phosphide, a restricted pesticide in the study areas as case study seemed to be a serious issue since agricultural use of pesticides is left in the hands of illiterates. Key words: aluminium phosphide, maize, Nigeria, questionnaire, survey

Item Type: Article
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Date Deposited: 31 Oct 2019 14:39
Last Modified: 31 Oct 2019 14:39
URI: https://eprints.lmu.edu.ng/id/eprint/2722

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