Seasonal variations of GPS derived TEC at three different latitudes of the southern hemisphere during geomagnetic storms

Adebiyi, S.J. and Adimula, I.A. and Oladipo, O.A. (2014) Seasonal variations of GPS derived TEC at three different latitudes of the southern hemisphere during geomagnetic storms. Advances in Space Research, 53 (8). pp. 1246-1254. ISSN 02731177

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.asr.2014.01.028

Abstract

Data from the archive of the International GNSS Services (IGS) were used to study the seasonal variations of Total Electron Content (TEC) over three stations located at different latitudes in the southern hemisphere during the geomagnetic storms of 11 January, 6 April, 8 June, and 13 October 2000, representing storms that occurred in summer, autumn equinox, winter and spring equinox, respectively. The percentage TEC deviation with respect to reference values differs substantially from season to season. A strong seasonal anomaly and clear equinoctial asymmetry in TEC response to the storms were observed. Weak and short-lived positive TEC deviations as well as strong and long-lasting negative trends were observed in summer storm during the main and recovery phases respectively over the high and low latitudes whereas in winter storm, the highest positive TEC deviations was recorded during the main phase over the entire latitudes. TEC enhancement dominated all the stations during the autumn (March) equinox storm while TEC depletion was majorly observed during the spring (September) equinox. All these variations find their explanations in the thermospheric composition change and circulation. Future work with direct or modeled measurement of atomic Oxygen to molecular Nitrogen ratio (O/N2), large number of storms and other possible factors such as variations in storm’s intensity and local time dependence of the storm onset is expected to validate the observations in this study.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Q Science > QC Physics
Depositing User: SHOLA ADEBIYI
Date Deposited: 26 Feb 2016 10:56
Last Modified: 26 Feb 2016 10:56
URI: http://eprints.lmu.edu.ng/id/eprint/246

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