p-Nitrophenol Removal from Aqueous Solution Using Raw and Modified Kaolinite

ADEKOLA, F.A and Jimoh, Sodiq and INYINBOR, A.A (2018) p-Nitrophenol Removal from Aqueous Solution Using Raw and Modified Kaolinite. Orbital: The Electronic Journal of Chemistry, 10 (6). ISSN e-ISSN 1984-6428

[img] Text
1143-5537-2-PB.pdf - Published Version

Download (1MB)
Official URL: http://www.orbital.ufms.br


Natural adsorbent prepared from kaolin clay (RK) as well as RK modified separately with cysteine (CYMK), and chitosan (CHMK) was used for the removal of p-nitrophenol (PNP) from aqueous solution. Prepared adsorbents were fully characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray fluorescence (XRF), scanning electron microscope (SEM) and Fourier Transformed Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR). Vivid characteristics of kaolinite were shown by FTIR spectroscopy and surface modification showed new absorption bands which corresponds to the unique functional groups in the modifying agents. Surface morphology was also altered after modification. Surface modification enhanced adsorption capacity. Adsorption data fitted best into the Freundlich adsorption isotherm for the three adsorption systems thus suggesting multi surface adsorption. The maximum monolayer adsorption capacities were 6.94 mg/g, 4.61 mg/g and 6.56 mg/g for PNP-RK, PNP-CYMK and PNP-CHMK systems respectively. The pseudo second order kinetics best described the kinetics of the adsorption system. Temperature effects showed that the adsorbents were stable across the temperature considered and thermodynamic parameters showed that the adsorption processes were feasible and spontaneous. Keywords: p-nitrophenol; kaolin; chitosan; cysteine

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Date Deposited: 30 Sep 2019 10:47
Last Modified: 30 Sep 2019 10:47
URI: https://eprints.lmu.edu.ng/id/eprint/2452

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item