Cleaner energy through liquefaction of Cocoa (Theobroma cacao) pod husk: Pretreatment and process optimization

Dada, Adewumi O. and INYINBOR, A.A and ADEKOLA, F.A and Odebunmi, E. O. and Bello, O.S. and Ayo-Akere, S. (2018) Cleaner energy through liquefaction of Cocoa (Theobroma cacao) pod husk: Pretreatment and process optimization. International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology (IJCIET), 9 (13). pp. 591-1605. ISSN ISSN Print: 0976-6308 and ISSN Online: 0976-6316

[img] Other
Dadaetal.2018IJCIET_09_13_159.PDF - Published Version

Download (877kB)
Official URL:


The kinetics and isotherm modeling of adsorption of Rhodamine B (RhB) Dye onto chitosan supported zerovalent iron nanocomposite (C-nZVI) was successfully studied in a batch technique. The quantity adsorbed increased with increase in initial concentration from 49.33 mg – 242.37 mg for 200 ppm to 1000 ppm and high percentage removal efficiency (%RE) of 99.72% attained at 90 minutes contact time. Equilibrium data were analyzed by six isotherm models: Langmuir, Freundlich, Temkin, Dubinin-Kaganer-Raduskevich (DKR), Redlich-peterson and Halsey isotherm model. Equilibrium data best fitted to Freundlich isotherm supported by Halsey isotherm model. Langmuir monolayer adsorption capacity (256.41 mg/g) of C-nZVI obtained greater than most adsorbent reported for adsorption of RhB. The mean adsorption free energy, E per molecule evaluated from DKR model was less than 8 KJmol-1 indicating a physisorption mechanism. The kinetic data best fitted to pseudo second-order kinetic model as validated by sum of square error (SSE) statistical model and the mechanism controlled by pore diffusion. The study revealed the great potential of C-nZVI for effective removal of RhB dye. C-nZVI is therefore recommended for civic and industrial effluents treatment.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Date Deposited: 18 Sep 2019 12:04
Last Modified: 18 Sep 2019 12:04

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item