Inhibitory action of Vernonia amygdalina extract (VAE) on the corrosion of carbon steel in acidic medium

Olawale, O. and Adediran, A.A and Talabi, Segun Isaac and Nwokocha, Geraldine Chika and Ameh4, Alewo Opuada (2017) Inhibitory action of Vernonia amygdalina extract (VAE) on the corrosion of carbon steel in acidic medium. J. Electrochem. Sci. Eng., 7. ISSN 1847-9286

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Abstract

This study investigates the inhibition potential of Vernonia amygdalina stem extract (VAE) on the corrosion of mild carbon steel immersed in 1 M HCl solution containing various concentrations of the inhibitor. The corrosion rate and inhibition efficiency were evaluated using mass loss and adsorption techniques. The results revealed that VAE efficiently inhibits the corrosion rate of mild carbon steel immersed in the acidic medium. The concentration of 0.6 g/L provides the highest inhibition efficiency of 78.1 %. The adsorption process was consistent with the physisorption mechanism and obeyed the Langmuir isotherm. The functional groups responsible for inhibition were identified using Fourier-transformed infrared (FTIR) spectra. The surface morphology of the corroded samples examined with scanning electron microscopy (SEM) revealed the presence of protective oxide layer. Inhibition efficiency was found dependet on the presence of oxalate, phytate, tannins, saponins and flavonoids in the VAE. It has been concluded that VAE is safe, cheap and efficient corrosion inhibitor for mild carbon steel. Keywords Phytochemical; Vernonia amygdalina stem extract; Mild steel degradation; Inhibition efficiency; hydrochloric acid

Item Type: Article
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Depositing User: ELDER OGUNTAYO SUNDAY ADEBISI
Date Deposited: 25 Dec 2018 17:39
Last Modified: 17 Apr 2019 12:28
URI: https://eprints.lmu.edu.ng/id/eprint/1741

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