Anaerobic conversion of Chromolaena odorata (Siam weed) to biogas

Dahunsi, S. O. and Oranusi, S. and Efeovbokhan, V.E. and Olayanju, T.M.A. and Zahedi, S. and Ojediran, J. O. and Izebere, J.O. and Aladegboye, O. J. (2018) Anaerobic conversion of Chromolaena odorata (Siam weed) to biogas. Energy Reports, 4. pp. 691-700.

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This study evaluated the anaerobic mono-digestion of two different samples of Chromolaena odorata. Combinations of mechanical and thermo-alkaline pretreatments were applied to one of the two samples and labeled as ‘‘X’’ while the second had no thermo-alkaline treatment and was labeled as ‘‘Y’’. The Central Composite Design was used to design the pretreatments. The physicochemical characteristics of the substrates were carried out using standard methods after appropriate pretreatments. From the experimental set-ups, the most probable actual biogas yields in experiments ‘‘X’’ and ’’Y’’ were 0.3554 m3/kg Total Solid (TS)fed and 0.1803 m3/kg TSfed with the desirability of 99 and 100%, respectively. Further shown in the result is a 49.2% higher experimental (actual) biogas yield in experiment ‘‘X’’ over ‘‘Y’’. Gas chromatographic analysis revealed the CH4 and CO2 content of both experiments to be 65±1.5%; 21±3% and 53.5±2.5%; 26±3%, respectively. Combination of different pretreatment methods enhanced enormous biogas yield from the digested substrates. Optimization of the generated biogas data was carried out using the Response Surface Methodology (RSM) and the Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs). The coefficient of determination (R2) for RSM was lower compared to that of ANN. This shows that ANNs

Item Type: Article
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Date Deposited: 30 Nov 2018 17:07
Last Modified: 13 Sep 2019 15:04

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