Investigation of the Effect of Initial Biomass on Nitrate and Phosphate Removal from Synthetic Wastewater by Selected Bacteria Isolates

Olaolu, TD and Akpor, OB and Aderiye, JBI (2013) Investigation of the Effect of Initial Biomass on Nitrate and Phosphate Removal from Synthetic Wastewater by Selected Bacteria Isolates. Natural Sciences Reasearch, 3 (11). pp. 39-49. ISSN 2225-0921

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Abstract

Although nitrogen and phosphorus are important nutrients to the existence of living organisms, their presence in excessive amounts in wastewater could have detrimental effects to humans and other living organisms. The present investigation was aimed at ascertaining the effect of initial biomass concentration on the nutrient removal efficiency of four bacterial species in synthetic wastewater under shaking flasks conditions. Four different initial biomasses [2.91 x 108 cfu/mL, 5.82 x 108 cfu/mL, 8.73 x 108 cfu/mL and 1.16 x 109 cfu/mL (Klebsiella sp.); 6.31 x 108 cfu/mL, 1.26 x 109 cfu/mL, 1.89 x 109 cfu/mL and 2.52 x 109 cfu/mL (Pseudomonas sp.); 1.75 x 108 cfu/mL, 3.49 x 108 cfu/mL, 5.24 x 108 cfu/mL and 6.98 x 108 cfu/mL (Lysinibacillus sp.), and 7.1 x 108 cfu/mL, 1.42 x 109 cfu/mL, 2.13 x 109 cfu/mL and 2.84 x 109 cfu/mL (Staphylococcus sp.)] were used for the study. For nutrient removal studies, the respective initial biomasses of the test isolates were inoculated into flasks containing the wastewater media. Aliquot samples were taken at the beginning of the study and every 24 h for 96 h for the estimation of growth rate, pH, phosphate and nitrate concentrations in the wastewater, using standard methods. The results revealed only slight phosphate decreases in the wastewater after the expiration of incubation. All the test isolates showed significant nitrate removal ability except the Lysinibacillus sp. After 96 h incubation 68.36 to 90.67 %, 91.80 to 95.29 %, 3.20 to 11.48 % and 86.77 to 94.33 % of nitrate was removed in the presence of the Klebsiella sp., Pseudomonas sp., Lysinibacillus sp. and Staphylococcus sp., respectively. The study was able to reveal the phosphate and nitrate removal ability of the isolates at the different initial biomasses used for the investigation. Keywords: Bacteria, wastewater, nutrient removal, phosphate, nitrate

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Biological Sciences
Depositing User: TOMILOLA OLAOLU
Date Deposited: 18 Jun 2014 18:54
Last Modified: 18 Jun 2014 18:54
URI: http://eprints.lmu.edu.ng/id/eprint/121

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